Lucie Storchová (Institute of Philosophy, Czech Academy of Sciences): Weak and Strong Intertextuality in Early Bohemian Humanism

This paper will deal with ways, in which Ioannes Dubravius (1486–1553) – one of the most important authors of Neo-Latin literature in the Czech lands, a diplomat and a Bishop of Olomouc – treated classical tradition. Dubravius was proficient across several Neo-Latin genres; he wrote excellent poetry, as his Theoriobulia illustrates, along with speeches, letters, religious treatises and extensive works of prose. His history of the Czech lands and treatise on fish farming both became very popular among European Humanist scholars. My paper will begin by introducing a conceptual framework of strong and weak intertextual relationships of Heinrich F. Plett. My research will focus on Dubravius’s edition of Martianus Capellaʼs De nuptiis and associated commentary from 1516, which was his first published work and has been included in the forthcoming fourth volume of the book series Europa humanistica (Bohemia and Moravia). Developing Plettʼs approach, I will concentrate on the canon of classical Roman authors whose work shaped Dubraviusʼs style and who formed the intertextual reference system of humanist texts from this period. I then turn to strong intertextual relationships, i.e. ways in which Dubravius quoted particular (more or less canonical) classical texts, and how they were related to his scholarly self-presentation. I will further demonstrate how Dubravius worked with Greek sources. By means of conclusion I want to open the question, to what extent these types of intertextuality were specific for the Central European Humanism around 1500.

Ma contribution cherche à montrer comment Iannes Dubravius (148+6-1553), l’un des plus importants auteurs néo-latins des pays tchèques, diplomate et évêque d’Olomouc, a utilisé la tradition classique. Dubravius maîtrisait plusieurs genres dans la littérature néo-latine : ils écrivit de l’excellente poésie (comme le montre sa theoriobulia, et aussi des discours, des lettres, des traités théologiques et une importante oeuvre en prose.  Son histoire des pays tchèques et son traité sur la pisciculture sont devenus très populaires parmi les humanistes européens. Cet exposé dressera d’abord le cadre conceptuel de l’intertextualité forte ou faible selon Heinrich F. Plett. Il sera centré sur l’édition du De nuptiis de Martianus Capella et le commentaire qui lui est associé à partir de 1516, date de sa première publication imprimée. En développant l’approche de Plett, je me concentrerai sur l’ensemble des oeuvres latines classiques qui ont façonné le style de Dubravius et formé son système de références intertextuelles. Puis, j’examinerai l’intertextualité forte, c’est-à-dire la façon dont Dubravius cite les textes classiques et les relie à sa propre pratique savante. Je montrerai enfin comment il traite les sources grecques. Ma conclusion posera la question du caractère exemplaire de ce type d’intertextualité dans l’humanisme du centre de l’Europe vers 1500.

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